Scientists from the Monterey Bay Aquarium Analysis Institute have captured gorgeous footage of a brand new species of deep-sea jellyfish.
MBARI researchers have printed an outline of the brand new discovery in Animals. Its title, Atolla reynoldsi, is in honor of the primary volunteer at Monterey Bay Aquarium, MBARI’s schooling and conservation companion.
“We named this gorgeous new species in honor of Jeff Reynolds in recognition of the 4.3 million hours of service that he and different volunteers have contributed to the Monterey Bay Aquarium over the previous 38 years,” MBARI Senior Training and Analysis Specialist George Matsumoto, who was the lead creator on the outline of this new species, says. “They’ve graciously given their time to coach the general public concerning the wonders of the ocean. Aquarium volunteers have been instrumental in elevating consciousness concerning the fragility of the ocean and galvanizing the general public to care concerning the well being of the ocean.”
Atolla jellyfish are a typical species of deep-sea crown jellyfish that may be discovered within the ocean’s midnight zone all around the globe and are plentiful within the deep water. MBARI says it has an archive of greater than 27,600 hours of video that accommodates 1000’s of observations of Atolla.
“So far, scientists acknowledge 10 species within the genus. Atolla chuni, A. gigantea, and A. vanhoeffeni are probably the most recognizable—they’ve distinctive options that make them comparatively simple to determine,” MBARI says. “However others, even the widespread and widespread A. wyvillei, might be slightly troublesome to determine. Some traits regarded as species-specific have turned out to be lower than useful in separating out the species.”
Atolla are often recognized by a single elongated tentacle that trails behind them and might generally stretch as much as six occasions the diameter of the bell.
“Fifteen years in the past, MBARI researchers noticed a big jelly that seemed like Atolla however lacked the telltale trailing tentacle, and their curiosity was piqued,” MBARI says.
This new species, A. reynoldsi, is described as comparatively massive in comparison with different species of Atolla. The most important specimen MBARI researchers collected was 13 centimeters (5.1 inches) in diameter, making this newly found species one of many largest within the genus.
A. reynoldsi lacks that signature trailing tentacle, but additionally is commonly noticed with its tentacles coiled. The researchers say that tentacle quantity varies significantly from one particular person to the subsequent, and the brand new A. reynoldsi can have wherever from 26 to 39 tentacles.
MBARI says that A. reynoldsi shouldn’t be widespread, and researchers have solely seen 10 between April 2006 and June 2021. Thus far, it’s only identified to dwell within the Monterey Bay at depths of 1,013 to three,189 meters (3,323 to 10,463 toes).
MBARI has printed an in depth description of the jellyfish in addition to its namesake Jeff Reynolds on its website.
Picture credit: All photographs by MBARI.